It is sometimes referred to as the “First amendment of the Internet”. Net neutrality is the term used to describe networks that are open to equal access to all. It’s a network design paradigm that argues for broadband network providers to be completely detached from what information is sent over their networks. Network neutrality requires all Internet service providers (ISPs) to provide the same level of data access and speed to all traffic, and that traffic to one service or website cannot be blocked or degraded. In a general sense, it is mainly supported by companies that provide services at the edge of the network, and is generally opposed by companies that manage the middle of the network.
In essence, it argues that no bit of information should be prioritised over another. This principle implies that an information network such as the internet is most efficient and useful to the public when it is less focused on a particular audience and instead attentive to multiple users.